Appropriate Technology, Development, Fall 2019

UNIV-391 / HNRS-391 / PSC-391 / UNIV-491 / PSC-491
MW, 2:10 – 4:10
Location: Business, 03-112
Pete Schwartz, Cal Poly Physics:, Pete’s Webpage: pschwart@calpoly.edu.
Office hours: Pete (Baker Science, 180-608) : M 1:10, T 10:10, W 11:10, R noon, F 1:10
General Appropriate Technology Website for all Past Classes, and in particular Last Year’s “Development Appropriate Technology” Class

Self Interventions: Visit our Class’s self-intervention websitesDon’t Throw Anything AwayEmpathy Self Intervention, Intervention of Choice. Hey, just Email me your interventions. I’ll post them. Please put it in the body of an Email NOT a .pdf please. I will post these without your names. If you still don’t want it posted, please write that you don’t want it posted at all (even without your name).
If you want to see interventions from past classes: Don’t Throw Away Page, Empathy Intervention, and Self Intervention Page

Feedback: Week 3, Empathy Intervention, Empathy Post Intervention Reflection

Final Presentations: Monday, Dec. 9, 1-4 PM

Link to webpage Description_of_the_topic_For_others_to_read_about_and_provide_background_to_get_students_started_on_their_search Helpful Links, References . Names, Emails of students
1. Solar Electric Cooking in Pujehun Sierra Leone We’re creating a company in Ghana, ISEC Corp., to build and disseminate Insulated Solar Electric Cooking (ISEC), which Pete’s research group has been developing since 2015. Please read about this technology in the publications, and see the videos at Pete’s research website.  Mark Manary is interested in exploring this technology in Sierre Leone. Please evaluate this technology: will this technology provide benefit to Sierra Leone?…. To Africa? If so, please provide guidance. How will we finance solar electric cooking? is there a best way to finance cookstoves for everyone? We can look at other organizations like Kuyere! and Okra, International carbon market?
Check work from past classes: Design, Spring 2019, Development, Fall 2018our correspondence below:
Mark: The website description looks great, let’s go with it.
My thought at this point we can conduct a feasibility project for Pujehun.  This involves learning what foods are currently cooked in this population and what fuels are used. What the local solar company offers. Construction of the cooking pots, hopefully small scale, local welding.  Concerning the sugar used to store the solar energy, I assume it is totally safe and not widely available?  I would put these cooking devices functioning and in place in my own buildings.  This would serve as a demonstration for the public.  And the project reaches some fruition with most of the pieces in place for introduction in this new location.
There is no electric grid at present in Pujehn, no paved roads either.
THANK YOU VERY MUCH for sharing this. -Mark
Pete: Mark, this is an exciting opportunity. Erythritol is about $1/kg if we buy it in mass quantities. It’s totally safe. We’ll be making these in Ghana in the coming months. I estimate that the solar panels will be $30 – $50… you can import them for $20 if you do it directly. The cookers will be about $20 in parts. I will include our correspondence on the present website.
I cook almost every day with the cookers at my house. – PeteDocuments important to all cooking groups:
ISEC updates, which will be updated regularly
Trek describes how the Trek thermal data logger works
Cooking Diaries 3.0 Protocols Describes protocols for introduced cooking technologies
ST Survey Questions Version 2, a list of survey questions you can ask people
beyond-monitoring-and-evaluation, a great case study of how this can work
Experimental-evidence-on-promotion-of-electric-and-improved-biomass-cookstoves
2019 FAQ Brochure
Pete,
Mark Manary manary@kids.wustl.edu
Contact Spokesperson: owen@staveland.com
Owen Staveland

Nishita Kandikuppa

Austin Keller

Cameron Cuellar

2. Growing the Solar Cooking Business in Ghana Our team is helping start SolCook, a company based in Ghana that will provide a cheap, sustainable alternative to cooking with biomass. We will be working with our local contact Martin in Ghana to find the best way to incorporate the company in the local community and to facilitate the implementation of his dreams for the business.  This will include the offering of consultations and research on business strategies, finance, and marketing. We believe it is vital to repeatedly ask ourselves introspective questions before every significant decision made by the company so that we remain culturally, ethically, and sustainably aware. Our ultimate hope is that this solar cooking business empowers communities in Ghana and becomes a catalyst for the introduction of solar cooking into other neighboring countries. Pete, Martin, Esther (from Asheshi), Josephine, and Others Contact / Spokesperson: rachelirosenzweig@gmail.com Grace, Annike, Luis, Rachel
3. Solar Electric Cooking in Ghana – Dissemination We’re creating a company in Ghana, ISEC Corp., to build and disseminate Insulated Solar Electric Cooking (ISEC), which Pete’s research group has been developing since 2015. Please read about this technology in the publications, and see the videos at Pete’s research website. We need to figure out the best way to disseminate the stoves. What are some techniques that have been used, and what do you recommend given the present situation? You will work with two professors at Ashesi University, and communicate with the other ISEC/Ghana groups as well as the people on the ground in Ghana.
Check work from past classes: Design, Spring 2019, Development, Fall 2018, and see a little about Agbokpa, Ghana
Pete, Martin, Esther (from Asheshi), Josephine, and Others Contact / Spokesperson: shimokobet@gmail.com Jordan, Thomas, Chloe, Takahiro
4. Solar Electric Cooking in Ghana – Data collection and analysis. We’re creating a company in Ghana, ISEC Corp., to build and disseminate Insulated Solar Electric Cooking (ISEC), which Pete’s research group has been developing since 2015. Please read about this technology in the publications, and see the videos at Pete’s research website.  Other groups will focus on production, the business model, and dissemination of the stoves. Your group will figure out how to collect and analyze data. What are some techniques that have been used, and what do you recommend given the present situation? You will work with two professors at Ashesi University, and communicate with the other ISEC/Ghana groups as well as the people on the ground in Ghana.
Check work from past classes: Design, Spring 2019, Development, Fall 2018, and see a little about Agbokpa, Ghana
Pete, Martin, Esther (from Asheshi), Josephine, and Others Contact / Spokesperson: ohansel@calpoly.edu Olivia, Jack, Camille, Julia,
5. Solar Electric Cooking, Uganda We introduced Insulated Solar Electric Cooking in Uganda in collaboration with Aid Africa, summer of 2016 and published about it. However, since then, we haven’t had much contact with them. Please read about this technology in the publications, and see the videos at Pete’s research website. Being we are building a company in Ghana, this may be a great time to revisit our connection to Aid Africa, and Pilgrim Africa’s Beacon of Hope boarding school. Please read about this technology in this publication, and see the videos at this website. Please evaluate this technology: will this technology provide benefit to Uganda?…. To Africa? If so, please provide guidance as to how to make our efforts more effective.
Please see past class work: Solar Electric Cooking, Beacon of Hope, Uganda
Chris Musasizi teaches at this school. Clayton, Ana, Alexander, Sarah F. M
6. Homeless in SLO How do we engage with the homeless here at home? See the work from a past class: Homeless Jill Bolster-White
Contact / Spokesperson: milenatriana7@gmail.com
Kanika, Ryan, Milena, Angelica
7. Sanitation in Agbokpa, Ghana In poor countries, people poop in local bushes, in the street, wherever. We need a radically inexpensive technology that could work better. I (Pete) have a bucket toilet at home that composts in the back yard and is used as fertilizer for the fruit trees – consistent with a model by SOIL in Haiti. Aid Africa is interested in trying a similar method for a family or community in Uganda. We’ve collaborated before, and it’s reasonable to think we could try this out in the coming year. Additionally, a past student works with Sanivation that makes charcoal briquettes out of poop (I think) in Kenya, and also recommends we contact Sanergy in Nairobi. I’ve worked a lot with Cami (Sanivation) when she was a student here. She sends this Email to us, and provides this document of their interests. Here is one group from last year.

In Agbokpa, Ghana, people still practice open defecation, pooping on the outskirts of the village, to be swept further into the wood by girls in the morning. Only the chief chose to have a pit latrine put in. It stinks horribly and was the one awful experience for some of the Cal Poly students during the 2 week trip, August 2019. The villagers do have the resources to build something better… some of them have large boats with outboard motors. Might we explore the alternatives to open defecation? For example, for 10 years, I used a bucket toilet in my San Luis Obispo house as documented in this book chapter. Would it be reasonable to introduce bucket toilet / composting in Agbokpa? We will likely return in 2020. SNV is a Dutch NGO in Ghana. They fund projects like this. and see a little about Agbokpa, Ghana,
Past work done: WebsiteVideo Sanitation is a very important part of development. Please see the TED talk from SOIL Pete has 10 years’ experience with a bucket toilet. See Design and build project from Spring 2017.NPR Article on OD

Esther Tsegah (from Agbokpa) Contact/ Spokesperson: elliarsimmons@gmail.com Stephen, Isabella, Ellia,
Tyler
8. no group
9. Water/freezer in Agbokpa, Ghana In Agbokpa, Ghana, people (usually girls) pull water from the lake, carrying it on their heads the ~ 200 m to their homes. They drink water directly from the lake. In August of 2019, a group of about 15 Cal Poly students and faculty installed a concrete community center with two large freezers, a 10,000 liter water tower, a slow sand filter, and enough solar electricity to power it. The work was done by Cal Poly students and a team of masons from outside the village. Such development projects often warrant considerable village buy in, community surveys, education and follow up. So far, this hasn’t happened too much.. Additionally, one might have learned a lot about the village lifestyle previously and followed up to see what kind of impact this project had. Your group can do this. This video beautifully describes the project. Please see this project from Fall 2018, Also see the solar ice, and the Slow Sand Filter from Spring, 2019. and see a little about Agbokpa, Ghana. Nate Heston (nheston@calpoly.edu)
Ryan Alaniz, dr.ryan.alaniz@gmail.com
Contact / Spokesperson:
vslaybau@calpoly.edu
Kate, Kurt, Victoria,
Montana,
10 Starting an NGO in Tanzania Clif  just established an NGO in Tanzania and needs help in setting up the business, website, and planning activities. This is an amazing opportunity (in my opinion) of essentially starting your own NGO. I look forward to what you learn and can teach the rest of the class (including me). I’ve asked Clif to provide more information… he’s presently working to provide me with links and materials. Clifton Hiebsch <cliftonhiebsch@hotmail.com>
Contact / Spokesperson: cwildey@calpoly.edu
Cody, Courtney
Kenneth
11. Solving Big World Problems for Tomorrow’s Leaders We’re designing a curriculum and teaching an enrichment class to 4-6th graders at Teach Elementary School that is centered on the Big World Challenges that affect people around the globe. The class, Big World Challenges for Tomorrow’s Leaders, will lead the students in investigating how these challenges impact their lives here in San Luis Obispo and the lives of children in unindustrialized countries. The students will learn about and experiment with existing appropriate technology, and engineer new ideas to address these challenges! Contact Spokesperson: is lrnicker@calpoly.edu Monica, Louisa,
Ajeeth,
12. Food Preservation We’re working on a food storage system that will preserve food in extremely hot, humid temperatures. Our system will keep out mold and pests, both of which are common disease carriers in West Africa. It consists of a protective storage container with a sealed bag inside, carrying a desiccant. The outer container insulates against heat and pests, while the desiccant absorbs moisture within the bag, lowering its relative humidity. This allows for grain foods to be stored within the bag for over 3 weeks without molding. Previous Appropriate Technology groups have tested this concept extensively, so our group is working with Dr. Mark Manary to bring this project to Sierra Leone. Mark Manary manary@kids.wustl.edu Kelly Kavousi, Carter Spreen, Max Lassiter,
13. Cocoa company in Ghana Amyra is an entrepreneur studying at Harvard. She is planning to set up a chocolate company in Accra, Ghana. Asamoah, Amyra <aasamoah@mba2020.hbs.edu> Contact / Spokesperson: amandasmithkaye@gmail.com Michael, Rohan, Jacky, Amanda,


Fall 2017 Project
, See first three projects in Spring 2018 Appropriate TechnologySCI

Rwanda with Journeyman InternationalIn the Sunzu Village, Rwanda, Journeyman International has taken on several projects: built a libraryWater Disinfectant, and Composting Waste at Sunzu LibraryDaniel Wiens (daniel@journeymaninternational.org) Carly Althoff (Carly@journeymaninternational.org),

Open Defecation
WebsiteVideoSanitation is a very important part of development. Please see the TED talk from SOIL Pete has 10 years’ experience with a bucket toilet. See Design and build project from Spring 2017.NPR Article on OD

Electricity in San PabloSan Pablo is the name of many towns in Guatemala. However, this one in particular us close to 10,000 feet in elevation in the far north, near the Mexican boarder. I had a program there for two years called Guateca. The village of about 1000 people would like to generate their own electricity. They have had their wires cut from the main grid because of conflict with the electricity provider and are exploring abundant microhydro power combined with solar.

CrossCultural Curriculum

CCC Website

We are building a shared curriculum between Malawi and City Cottage in the USA. The curriculum should include all the pertinent contemporary topics including climate change, resource depletion, pollution, human rights, and globalization. There are considerable challenges including cultural and political taboos. You can begin organizing this curriculum. How to you navigate the cultural challenges with controversial topics in the classroom? How do you discuss women’s rights with students in a culture that has different view of womens rights?Charlie Appel (cappel711@gmail.com ), Daniel Wiens daniel@journeymaninternational.org.

Water for the Navajo Nation; 80,000+ Navajo Tribal members living on the Navajo reservation are without clean, running water, and are living on less than 10 gallons of water per day. The non-profit DIGDEEP works to support the Navajo nation. From last year:
Pumping Water With DigDeep, Kickstarter Video ; From 392 Spring 2017, the design and build project.

8. Solid Waste in Agbokpa, Ghana,

In Agbokpa, Ghana, people largely throw plastic and other garbage on the ground. The girls sweep it up and it is usually burned on the outskirts of the village – the part of it that can be burned, the rest accumulates. What are alternatives of this? Could we do something with the plastic? Is it useful?

Please see a similar project from Fall 2018:
Zanzibar Waste, read up what’s been done elsewhere. You could start with the Appropedia article, and see a little about Agbokpa, Ghana