Past 391 resources

**After our class Monday, I wrote to Jim Keese (Peru Study Abroad – Stoves) asking two questions, “When you went back to the villages to see if they were still using the stoves, some were broken. When you built the stoves, did you show people how to fix them or leave more parts or anything like that? Did the evaluation you made result in any changes to the protocol you have now for installing new stoves?”
He responded immediately:
“The recommendations we made after the 2015 study were the following:

              1. Use stronger materials for the stove tops
              2. make spare parts available
              3. provide better training to the community on how to maintain the stoves
              4. provide better training to the students to make sure they were assembled correctly, and they were able to communicate to community members on how to properly operate the stoves.
              5. Make a 2-week follow-up visit to make sure any problems were addressed, as this is the trial period.

When we went back with a the group in 2017, the following changes had been made:

              1. design of the stove was modified to make the base thicker (and stronger), and more re-bar was used to support the stove top
              2. more NGO staff were on-site so that each student group worked under the supervision of a staff member to ensure that the stove was assembled correctly
              3. we made the 2-week follow-up visit (with spare parts in the van) to check stoves and answer questions. There were no problems at that time. I think steps one and two will make a critical difference by making the stoves more durable and ensuring they are properly assembled in the first place.”

Finals Week, Wednesday Dec 12, 1:00 PM:
(1) Potluck Lunch,
(2) Give Final Presentations.
(3) Slippery floor course redesign

Before Midnight Saturday Night, December 15:
(1) Finish website with video
(2) Submit to me a report of how things went with your group. Ideally, you’ll all send one together. However, you are welcome to send me individual statements as well. Email to

              1. _Ignore Below This Line_
                What I dropped out of the curriculum this quarter:
                ….so don’t Read:
                Kloos, Awash Dam – Be prepared to answer the question, “What caused the famine?” What are the take away messages of this article?
              2. Advancements in Maternal Health effectiveness depending on the external environment (ie-Country)


More readings:

Read about open defecation in India

Money lending merry-go-rounds

How the Aid Industry Will Have to Change

Drones deliver medical supplies in Tanzania

EarthEnable: How a new company innovates to keep ahead in Rwanda

Menstruation Pads. Make sure you read the last line.

Class Discussion: Concept of international development
(1) Read about the Multidimensional Poverty Index in the Economist.
(2) MPI: Look at the graph at the beginning of this article, Find DR, Congo, and Guatemala, and glance through the Introduction and conclusion, read last paragraph of conclusion
(3) USA Wealth Gap: Bill Moyers Video
(4) Pete’s Guateca Development Paper, and be prepared to identify the Guateca “development model”

(2) I was so stoked to read this article July 2017. We’ve been talking how to empower the poor. How about if they do it themselves? Is there a way we can help? Please consider this question while readingexploring appropriate technology with the internet! (growing strawberries on The West Bank)
(3) Please Read The CIA Fact Book on any country you like – I mean poor, developing country, such as DR Congo or Haiti for instance, and maybe the USA, and your country of interest!… but you choose:
(4) Read about Working Villages and in particular read the R&D page to see their development model.
(5) Please read through the Empathy Intervention webpage on the main class webpage.

(10) Please take a look at a Masters Thesis on Latrine Building in the Peace Corps. I’m sorry this came late. I just received it from our speaker. It’s way long, but please take a look at it and come with a question.

(7) Read a book report on Jared Diamond’s Guns Germs and Steel.
(8) Read a short book report on Jared Diamond’s //Collapse//
(9) Please read book report on King Leopold’s Ghost by Adam Hochschild



(7) Please start planning your “kickstarter-like” video, please see Syllabus.
(8) Log onto the final self intervention page and log what you plan to do.

Nov. 14, Come to our regular classroom. If you really want to visit my house, please let me know and you’re welcome to come sometime.n


  1. Nathanis supporting the Female Genital Mutilation Group. This talk follows Peggy Papathakis, who well illuminated the bleak world of a girl in the developing world and in particular a pregnant teen. Muhammad Yunus described women as the “poor of the poor” because of their subordination by society. This may be particularly appropriate as we in the US examine the empowerment of women to be free of harassment though the #MeToo movement and the Kavanaugh kerfuffle. The following two articles illuminate the exasperation of the situation: Sisters die as a result of FGM, and Mothers resort to infanticide.


Meet At Pete’s House: 1441 Iris St. See map below
(1) Pease see Happiness and Emissions,
(2) Please see Story of Stuff Video
(3) Please read Article about me in the Mustang News
(4) Please bring in your Sustainability, Footprint
(5) Read a book report on //A Long Way Gone: Memoirs of a Boy Sholdier// by Ishmael Beah
(6) Pease read a book report on Blue Clay People by William Powers
Petes house.png


(5) Speaking of waste, please note in this article, the mention of the Sustainable Development Goals in this NPR article about reduction of food waste in the UK.


  1. Correlation between electricity access and quality of life Dan Kammen.

– Please do some research on your project. Please identify some data and statistics on the people you are working with.
– in class I hope to have time to work on the group projects. We will also talk about today’s readings. We will also revisit last week Wednesday’s reading about if we should even be doing development work or if we’re doing it all wrong. The discussion may fit nicely into the reading by Ferguson.

(3) I applied for the NCIIA $50,000 grant three times. It was rejected 3 times with enthusiastic support to reapply. After the third time, I wrote them back: Pete’s NCIIA Rejection Rejection Letter
(4) As you sit or squat, please appreciate world toilet day!
(5) Read a word from the Dalai Lama on finding peace in the challenging times.
(6) Read the Book Report about Bitter Fruit, the CIA-led coup of the Guatemalan government leading to the 1960-1996 thirty-six year war. The book report doesn’t include some interesting facts that you would find in the wikipedia article including that the USA-installed government committed widespread genocide against the indigenous people, that ~40,000 Guatemalan’s “disappeared” or were killed during this time, and that the USA Secretary of state and CIA director under the Eisenhower administration were both board members of United Fruit Company.
(7) Please read the book summary for The Global Village Myth by Patrick Porter. This article may be very pertinent in looking at the present world situation.
(8) Please log the completion of your self intervention. The link is on the main class website.
Are you going to be on campus for Thanksgiving with no plans? If so, please consider joining us at a large community celebration with lots of people. Write me an Email if you are interested.
(9) Folks asked about what to expect on the final exam. Please find several resources with respect to the final exam on the main class website. Additionally, if you think you know a good question for the final exam, please provide it at the link I provide on the main class website.
(10) I have read through the websites and also provide feedback about the talks on the main class website.

  1. (5) Movie on Guatemala Post Earthquake
  1. LED lighting: Nobel Prize and Game Changer in Global South
  2. Proposal: Lighting the Way
  1. (2) Read through the self interventions of your classmates and see what you might learn from their experiences.
    (3) Book Reports:

(4) Here’s how week 11 and finals week should run. We will have our final exam for about 1 hour on Wednesday, November 29. We will have our final presentations (about 15 minutes per presentation) on 1:00 Wednesday of finals week, December 6, and this will also be a pot luck late lunch from 1-4 PM in our regular classroom. Additionally, we will take some time to have a course redesign and share ideas to change the class.
(5) Pete’s Carbon Footprint is about 16 Ton for the family of 3 (I didn’t count Tekuru because she is with me only half time). Our largest constituent was services because we receive about $1500 of healthcare from Cal Poly per month. Also, I didn’t count the trip I take to a Denver conference because it’s part of work, but I did count the trip we take to Phoenix every year.
(6) Please read bout the final exam on the main class website.

(7) What to do if your president were caught peeing in public….
(8) And how the world’s toilets look. At least, take a look.

A story about Faith: Faith, HIV worker starts garden and How Faith’s Garden Worked Out